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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - European Law School (ELS)

New Private Law Theory



Chapter Literature Link
Box 1.2 Josef Esser, Vorverständnis und Methodenwahl in der Rechtsfindung: Rationalitätsgrundlagen richterlicher Entscheidungspraxis (Frankfurt: Athenäum, 1972), pp. 7–9, 116–41. PDF
  Joseph Raz, Between Authority and Interpretation: On the Theory of Law and Practical Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), namely Chapter 12 on interpretation Link
1.3 R. Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously (Cambridge / MA: Harvard University Press, 1977) Link
  L. Fuller, ‘Positivism and Fidelity to Law: A Reply to Professor Hart’, 71 Harvard Law Review (1958), 630–72 Link
  H. L. A. Hart, The Concept of Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961, 2nd ed., 1994) Link
  V. Nourse / G. Shaffer, ‘Varieties of New Legal Realism: Can a New World Order Prompt a New Legal Theory?’ 95 Cornell Law Review 61–138 (2009)


  G. Ripert, Aspects juridiques du capitalisme moderne (2nd ed., Paris: Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence, 1951) PDF
2.2 Max Weber, Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978 [1921/22]), pp. 753–84 Link 1; Link 2; PDF
  Émile Durkheim, The Division of Labour in Society (New York: Free Press, 1933 [1893]), pp. 206–19 Link 1; Link 2
2.3 Eugen Ehrlich, Grundlegung der Soziologie des Rechts (3rd ed.,Munich: Duncker & Humblot, 1967) PDF
  Hans Kelsen, Pure Theory of Law (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967) Link
  Karl Llewellyn, The Bramble Bush: On Our Law and Its Study (Dobbs Ferry: Oceana,1930) Link 1; Link 2
  Victor Nee / Richard Swedberg, ‘Economic Sociology and New InstitutionalEconomics’, in Claude Menard / Mary M. Shirley (eds.), The Handbook of NewInstitutional Economics (Dordrecht: Springer, 2005), pp. 789–818 Link
  Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of our Time (Boston: Beacon Press Books, 2001) Link
  Roscoe Pound, ‘Law in Books and Law in Action’, 44 American Law Review 12–36 (1910) Link
3.2 Ronald Coase, ‘The Problem of Social Cost’, 3 Journal of Law and Economics 1–44 (1960) Link
  Oliver Williamson, The Economic Institutions of Capitalism – Firms, Markets, Relational Contracting (New York: Free Press, 1985), namely chapter 1: ‘Transaction Cost Economics’ Link
  Herbert Simon, ‘A Behavioural Model of Rational Choice’, 69 The Quarterly Journal of Economics 99–118 (1955) Link 1; Link 2
3.3 Guido Calabresi, ‘Some Thoughts on Risk Distribution and the Law of Torts’, 70 The Yale Law Journal 499–553 (1961) Link
  Christine Jolls, Behavioral Economics and the Law (Boston / Delft: Now Publishers, 2011) Link
  Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, ‘Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk’, 47 Econometrica 263–91 (1979) Link 1; Link 2
  Ernst-Joachim Mestmäcker, A Legal Theory without Law: Posner v. Hayek on Economic Analysis of Law (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007) Link 1; Link 2
  Richard Thaler / Cass Sunstein, ‘Libertarian Paternalism’, 93 The American Economic Review 175–9 (2003) Link
  Amos Tversky / Daniel Kahneman, ‘Rational Choice and the Framing of Decisions’, 59 The Journal of Business 251–78 (1986) Link
4.2 Niklas Luhmann, Law as a Social System (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), pp. 88–120 Link
  Jürgen Habermas, Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy (Cambridge / MA: MIT Press, 1996), pp. 84–104 Link
4.3 Andreas Fischer-Lescano, ‘Critical Systems Theory’, 38 Philosophy & Social Criticism 3–23 (2012). Link
  Poul Kjaer, ‘Systems in Context: On the Outcome of the Habermas/Luhmanndebate’, Ancilla Iuris 66–77 (2006). Link
  Bertram Lomfeld, ‘ Contract as Deliberation’, 76 Law and Contemporary Problems 1–18 (2013). Link
  Gunther Teubner, Law as an Autopoietic System (Oxford, UK / Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1993) Link 1; Link 2
  Chris Thornhill, ‘ Systems Theory and Legal Theory: Luhmann, Heidegger and the False Ends of Metaphysics’, 116 Radical Philosophy 7–20 (2002). Link
5.2 F. Wieacker, Voraussetzungen europa¨ischer Rechtskultur (Göttingen: Göttinger Tageblatt, 1985) trans. by E. Bodenheimer as ‘Foundations of European legal culture’ (1990) 38 The American Journal of Comparative Law 1–29 PDF
  R. La Porta, F. Lopez-de-Silanes, A. Shleifer and R. W. Vishny, ‘Law and finance’ (1998) 106(6) Journal of Political Economy 1113–55 Link 1; Link 2
  R. La Porta, F. Lopez-de-Silanes, A. Shleifer, ‘The economic consequences of legal origins’ (2008) 46(2) Journal of Economic Literature 285–332 Link
5.3 B. R. Cheffins / S. A. Bank / H. Wells, ‘Law and history by numbers: use, but with care’ (2014) 5 University of Illinois Law Review 1739–64 Link
  T. Duve, ‘European Legal History: Global Perspectives’, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series no. 2013–06

Link 1;

Link 2

  G. Frankenberg, Comparative Law as Critique (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2016) Link
  J. Husa, A New Introduction to Comparative Law (Oxford: Hart, 2015)  
  U. Kischel, Comparative Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019) Link
  R. Michaels, ‘Comparative law by numbers? Legal origins thesis, doing business reports, and the silence of traditional comparative law’ (2009) 57 American Journal of Comparative Law 765–95. Link 1; Link 2; Link 3
  O. Moréteau / A. Masferrer / K. A. Modéer, Comparative Legal History (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2019) Link
  G. Schnyder / M. Siems / R. Aguilera, ‘Twenty Years of “Law and Finance”: Time to Take Law Seriously’, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Working Paper No. 501, 2018 Link 1; Link 2
  M. Siems, Comparative Law (2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014) Link
6.2 Franz Böhm, ‘Privatrechtsgesellschaft und Marktwirtschaft’, 17 ORDO 75–151 (1966) PDF
  Amartya Sen, The Idea of Justice (Cambridge / MA: Allen Lane & Harvard University Press, 2009) Link
  Amartya Sen, The Idea of Justice (Cambridge / MA: Allen Lane & Harvard University Press, 2009) Link 1; Link 2
  Luigi Mengoni, ‘Forma giuridica e materia economica’, in Diritto e Valori (Bologna, Mulino, 1985, first published in two articles of 1963 and 1966) PDF
6.3 P. Benson, Justice in Transactions (Cambridge / MA: Harvard University Press, 2019) Link
  E. J. Mestmäcker, ‘Macht – Recht – Wirtschaftsverfassung’, 137 Zeitschrift für Handelsrecht 97–111 (1973). PDF
  E. J. Mestmäcker, ‘Auf dem Wege zu einer Ordnungspolitik für Europa’, in E. J. Mestmäcker / H. Möller / H.P. Schwartz (eds.), Eine Ordnungspolitik für Europa: Festschrift für Hans v.d. Groeben (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1987), pp. 9–49 PDF
7.2 Ronald Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously (Cambridge / MA: Harvard University Press, 1977), pp. 81–130 Link 1; Link 2
  Duncan Kennedy, ‘The Paradox of American Legalism’, 3 European Law Journal 359–77 (1997) Link
7.3 Robert Alexy, A Theory of Legal Argumentation: The Theory of Rational Discourse as Theory of Legal Justification (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989) Link 1; Link 2
  Kristoffel Grechenig / Martin Gelter, ‘The Transatlantic Divergence in Legal Thought: American Law and Economics vs. German Doctrinalism’, 31 Hastings International & Comparative Law Review 295–360 (2008) Link
  D. Kennedy/ C. Joerges / D. M. Trubek (eds.), Critical Legal Thought: An American- German Debate (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1989) Link
8.2 R. Saleilles, De La Personnalité Juridique, Histoire et Théories, Vingt-cinq Leçons d’introduction à un Cours de Droit Civil Comparé sur les Personnes Juridiques (Paris: Dalloz, 1910) PDF
  C.-W. Canaris‚ ‘Verfassungs- und europarechtliche Aspekte der Vertragsfreiheit in der Privatrechtsgesellschaft’, in P. Badura and R. Scholz (eds.), Wege und Verfahren des Verfassungslebens: Festschrift für Peter Lerche zum 65. Geburtstag (Munich: C. H. Beck, 1993), pp. 873–91 PDF
  G. Vettori, ‘Contratto e concorrenza’ (2004) 4 Rivista di Diritto Privato 5–37. PDF
8.3 G. Brüggemeier, A. Colombi Ciacchi and G. Comande´ (eds.), Fundamental Rights and Private Law in the European Union, Vol. I, A Comparative Overview (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) Link 1; Link 2
  H. Collins, ‘On the (in)compatibility of human rights discourse and private law’, H.- W. Micklitz (ed.), Constitutionalization of European Private Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 26–60 Link
  M. Safjan and D. Düsterhaus, ‘A union of effective judicial protection: addressing a multi-level challenge through the lens of Article 47 CFREU’ (2014) 33 Yearbook of European Law 3–40 Link
9.2 G. Ripert Le Régime Démocratique et le Droit Civil Moderne, 2nd ed. (Paris: Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence, 1948). PDF
  F. Kübler, ‘Privatrecht und Demokratie: Zur Aktualität gesellschaftstheoretischer Vorstellungen in der Jurisprudenz’, in F. Bauer, J. Esser, F. Kübler, L. Raiser and E. Steindorff (eds.), Funktionswandel der Privatrechtsinstitutionen: Festschrift für Ludwig Raiser (Tübingen: Mohr, 1974), pp. 697–725. PDF
  T. Wilhelmsson, ‘Varieties of welfarism in European contract law’ (2004) 10 European Law Journal 712–33. Link 1; Link 2
9.3 M. Hesselink, ‘Democratic contract law’, Amsterdam Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014–24 Link
  C. Joerges and T. Ralli (eds.), ‘European constitutionalism without private law, private law without democracy’, Arena Report No. 3/11, Recon Report No. 14  
10.2 Franz Wieacker, Das Sozialmodell der klassischen Privatrechtsgesetzbücher und die Entwicklung der modernen Gesellschaft (Karlsruhe: C. F. Müller, 1963) (English translation, available on the book website) PDF
  Jürgen Habermas, ‘Paradigms of Law’, 17 Cardozo Law Review 771–84 (1995–1996) Link
10.3 Patrick Selim Atiyah, The Rise and Fall of Freedom of Contract (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979) Link
  Erhard Blankenburg, ‘The Poverty of Evolutionism: A Critique of Teubner’s Case for “Reflexive Law”’, 18 Law & Society Review 273–89 (1984). Link 1; Link 2
  Claus-Wilhlem Canaris, ‘Wandlungen des Schuldvertragsrechts: Tendenzen zu seiner “Materialisierung”’, 200 Archiv für die civilistische Praxis 273–364 (2000) PDF
  Gunther Teubner, ‘Substantive and Reflexive Elements in Modern Private Law’, 17 Law & Society Review 239 (1983) Link
  Rudolf Wiethöter, ‘Proceduralization of the Category of Law’, 12 German Law Journal 465–73 (2011) Link
11.2 L. Raiser, ‘Vertragsfunktion und Vertragsfreiheit’, Festschrift Deutscher Juristentag 101–31 (1960). PDF
  L. Kaplow / S. Shavell, ‘Should Legal Rules Favor the Poor? Clarifying the Role of Legal Rules and the Income Tax in Redistributing Income’, 29 Journal of Legal Studies 821–835 (2000) Link
  D. Kahneman /A. Tversky, ‘Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases’, 185 Science 1124–31 (1974) Link 1; Link 2
11.3 Peter Benson, Justice in Transactions: A Theory of Contract Law (Cambridge / MA: Harvard University Press, 2020) Link
  Hanoch Dagan / Michael Heller, Choice Theory of Contracts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017) Link 1; Link 2
  Charles Fried, Contract as Promise: A Theory of Contractual Obligation (Cambridge / MA: Harvard University Press, 1981) Link 1; Link 2
  John Harsanyi, ‘Measurement of Social Power, Opportunity Costs, and the Theory of Two-Person Bargaining Games’, 7 Behavioral Science 67–80 (1962) Link 1; Link 2
  Louis Josserand, ‘Le contrat dirigé’, 32 Dalloz – Recueil hebdomadaire 89–92 (1933). PDF
  Eric Posner, ‘Economic Analysis of Contract Law after Three Decades: Success or Failure?’, 112 Yale Law Journal 829–80 (2003) Link 1; Link 2
  Walter Schmidt-Rimpler, ‘Grundfragen der Erneuerung des Vertragsrechts‘, 147 Archiv für civilistische Praxis 130–97 (1941). PDF
  Richard Thaler / Cass Sunstein, ‘Libertarian Paternalism’, 93 American Economic Review 175–9 (2003) Link
12.2 Friedrich A. von Hayek, ‘The Use of Knowledge in Society’, 35 The American Economic Review 519–30 (1945) Link 1; Link 2
  George Stigler, ‘The Economics of Information’, 69 Journal of Political Economy 213–25 (1961) Link 1; Link 2
  George Akerlof, ‘The Market for “Lemons”: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism’, 84 Quarterly Journal of Economics 488–500 (1970) Link 1; Link 2
12.3 Omri Ben-Shahar, ‘The Myth of “Opportunity to Read” in Contract Law’, 5 European Review of Contract Law 1–28 (2009) Link
  Michael Spence, ‘JobMarket Signaling’, 83 Quarterly Journal of Economics 355–77 (1973) Link 1; Link 2
  Joseph Stiglitz, ‘The Theory of Screening, Education and the Distribution of Income’, 65 The American Economic Review 283–300 (1975) Link 1; Link 2
13.2 Franz Böhm, ‘Democracy and Economic Power’, in Institut für ausländisches und internationales Wirtschaftsrecht an der Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main (ed.), Kartelle und Monopole im modernen Recht (Karlsruhe: C. F. Müller, 1960), pp. 25–46 Link
  Michel Foucault, ‘Truth and Power’, in Colin Gordon (ed.), Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977(New York: Pantheon Books, 1980), pp. 109–33 Link
13.3 Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (2nd ed., New York: Vintage Books, 1995) Link 1; Link 2
  Steven Lukes, Power: A Radical View (2nd ed., Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004) Link
  Victor Tadros, ‘Between Governance and Discipline: The Law and Michel Foucault’, 18 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 75–103 (1998) Link 1; Link 2
14.2 Catharine MacKinnon, Sexual Harassment of Working Women: A Case of Sex Discrimination (New Haven / CT: Yale University Press, 1979), pp. 106–27 Link
  Alexander Somek, ‘Neoliberale Gerechtigkeit’, 51 Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 45–59 (2003). PDF
14.3 Judith Butler, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (New York: Routledge, 1990) Link 1; Link 2
  Jürgen Habermas, ‘Paradigms of Law’, 17 Cardozo Law Review 771–84 (1995–1996), Link
  Alexander Somek, Engineering Equality: An Essay on European Anti-Discrimination Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011) Link
15.2 L. Josserand, ‘L’évolution de la responsabilité (conférence donnée aux Facultés de Droit de Lisbonne, de Coimbre, de Belgrade, de Bucarest, d’Orades, de Bruxelles, à l’institut français de Madrid, aux centres juridiques de L’Institut des Hautes Études marocaines à Rabat et à Casablanca)’, in L. Josserand (ed.), Évolutions et Actualités: Conférences de Droit Civil (Paris: Receuil Sirey, 1936), chapter 29, s. 5 PDF
  G. Calabresi, ‘Some thoughts on risk distributions and the law of torts’ (1961) 70 Yale Law Journal 499–553 Link
  U. Beck, Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity (London: Sage, 1992) Link 1; Link 2
15.3 G. Brüggemeier, Common Principles of Tort Law: A Pre-Statement of Law (London: British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2004) Link
  G. Calabresi, The Future of Law and Economics: Essays in Reform and Recollection (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2016). Link
  C. van Dam, European Tort Law, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) – the best overview of the general developments of tort law in the European Union Link 1; Link 2
  M. Geistfeld, ‘Risk distribution and the law of torts: carrying Calabresi further’ (2014), 77(2) Law and Contemporary Problems 165–90 Link 1; Link 2
  E. De Jong, ‘Tort law and judicial risk regulation: bipolar and multipolar risk reasoning in light of tort law’s regulatory effects’ (2018) 9(1) European Journal of Risk Regulation 14–33 Link
  L. Kaplow and S. Shavell, Fairness versus Welfare (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006), pp. 85–154 Link
  G. Wagner, ‘The project of harmonising European tort law’ (2005) 42(5) Common Market Law Review 1269–312 Link
  E. Weinrib, The Idea of Private Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995) Link
16.2 L. Lessig, ‘The law of the horse: what cyberlaw might teach’ (1999) 113 Harvard Law Review 501–49 Link 1; Link 2
  G. Teubner, ‘Societal constitutionalism: alternatives to state-centred constitutional theory?’, in C. Joerges, I.-J. Sand and G. Teubner (eds.), Transnational Governance and Constitutionalism (Oxford: Hart, 2004), pp. 3–28 Link
16.3 R. Brownsword, Law, Technology and Society: Reimaging the Regulatory Environment (London: Routledge, 2019) Link
  J. A. Kroll, S. Barocas, E. W. Felton, J. R. Reidenberg, D. G. Robinson and H. Yu, ‘Accountable algorithms’ (2017) 165 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 632 Link
  M. U. Scherer, ‘Regulating artificial intelligence systems: risks, challenges, competencies and strategies (2016) 29 Harvard Journal of Law & Technology 353 Link 1; Link 2
  A. De Franceschi and R. Schulze (eds.), Digital Revolution: New Challenges for Law (Munich: C. H. Beck, 2019) Link
  M. Ebers and S. Navas (eds.), Algorithms and Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, in press) Link
  S. Grundmann, H. Collins, F. Gómez, J. Rutgers and P. Sirena (eds.), European Contract Law in the Digital Age (Cambridge: Intersentia, 2018) Link
17.2 Stewart Macaulay, ‘Non-Contractual Relations in Business: A Preliminary Study’, 28 American Sociological Review 55–67 (1963) Link 1; Link 2
  Oliver Williamson, ‘Transaction-Cost Economics: The Governance of Contractual Relations’, 22 Journal of Law & Economics 233–61 (1979) Link
  Walter W. Powell, ‘Neither Market nor Hierarchy: Network Forms of Organization’, 12 Research in Organizational Behaviour 295–336 (1990) Link
17.3 Ron Gilson / Charles Sabel / Robert Scott, ‘Vertical Disintegration and Interfirm Collaboration’, 109 Columbia Law Review 431–502 (2009) Link 1; Link 2
  Victor P. Goldberg, ‘Relational Exchange: Economics and Complex Contracts’, 23 American Behavioral Scientist 337–52 (1980) Link
  Ian Macneil, ‘Relational Contract: What We Do and Do Not Know’, 60 Wisconsin Law Review 483–525 (1985) Link
  Gunter Teubner, ‘Coincidentia Oppositorum: Hybrid Networks beyond Contract and Organization’, in Marc Amstutz / Gunter Teubner (eds.), Networks: Legal Issues of Multilateral Cooperation (Oxford: Hart, 2009), pp. 3–30 Link 1; Link 2
  Jean Tirole, ‘Incomplete Contracts: Where Do We Stand?’, 67 Econometrica 741–81 (1990) Link 1; Link 2
18.2 R. Demogue, ‘La notion de sujet de droit’ (1909) 8 Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Civil 611–55 PDF
  N. MacCormick, Legal Right and Social Democracy: Essays in Legal and Political Philosophy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984) Link
  N. Reich, ‘Zivilrechtstheorie, Sozialwissenschaft und Verbraucherschutz’ (1974) 7(8) Zeitschrift für Rechtspolitik 187–94 PDF
18.3 D. Kennedy, ‘Three globalisations of law and legal thought: 1850–2000’, in D. M. Trubek and A. Santos (eds.), The New Law and Economic Development: A Critical Appraisal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 19–73 Link
  O. Ben-Shahar, ‘The paradox of access justice, and its application to mandatory arbitration’ (2016) 83 The University of Chicago Law Review 1755–817 Link 1; Link 2
19.2 Otto von Gierke, Die Genossenschaftstheorie und die deutsche Rechtsprechung (Hildesheim: Olms, 1887), pp. 603–672 (translation) PDF
  Ronald H. Coase, ‘The Nature of the Firm’, 4 Economica, 386–405(1937) Link
19.3 Adolf A. Berle and Gardiner C. Means, The Modern Corporation and Private Property (New York: Macmillan, 1947 (1932)) Link 1; Link 2
  Sanford D. Grossman and Oliver D. Hart, ‘The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical and Lateral Integration’, 94 Journal of Political Economy 691–719 (1986) Link 1; Link 2; Link 3
  Michael Jensen and William Meckling, ‘Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure’, 3 Journal of Financial Economics 305–60 (1976). Link 1; Link 2; Link 3
  Raymond Saleilles, De la personnalité juridique (Paris: Rousseau, 1910) PDF
20.2 Adolf Berle / Gardiner Means, The Modern Corporation and Private Property (New York / Chicago / Washington: Commerce Clearing House Publishing, 1932) ( book II, chapter 8, and book III, chapter 1) Link
  Michael Jensen / William Meckling, ‘Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure’, 3 Journal of Financial Economics 305–60 (1976) Link 1; Link 2; Link 3
20.3 Armen Alchian / Harold Demsetz, ‘Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization’, 62 The American Economic Review 777–95 (1972) Link 1; Link 2
  Harold Demsetz, ‘Toward a Theory of Property Rights’, 57 The American Economic Review 347–59 (1967) Link 1; Link 2
  Eugene Fama, ‘Efficient Capital Markets: A Review of Theory and Empirical Work’, 25 Journal of Finance 383–417 (1970) Link
  Eugene Fama, ‘Agency Problems and the Theory of the Firm’, 88 Journal of Political Economy 288–307 (1980) Link
  Peter Walgenbach, ‘Neoinstitutionalistische Ansätze in der Organisationstheorie’, in A. Kieser / M. Ebers (eds.), Organisationstheorien (8th ed., Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2019), pp.300–50 PDF
21.2 Albert Hirschman, Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States (Cambridge, MA / London: Harvard University Press, 1970) Link 1; Link 2
  Henry Manne, ‘Mergers and the Market for Corporate Control’, 73 Journal of Political Economy 110–20 (1965) Link
21.3 Armen Alchian / Harold Demsetz, ‘Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization’, 62 The American Economic Review 777–95 (1972)

Link 1; Link 2

  Masahiko Aoki, Toward a Comparative Institutional Analysis (Cambridge MA / London: MIT Press, 2001) (especially chapter 11) Link
  Sanford Grossman / Oliver Hart, ‘One Share/One Vote and the Market for Corporate Control’, 20 Journal of Financial Economics 175–202 (1988) Link 1; Link 2
  Joseph H. H. Weiler, ‘The Transformation of Europe’, 8 Yale Law Journal 2403–83 (1991) Link 1; Link 2
22.2 P. A. Hall and D. Soskice, ‘An introduction to varieties of capitalism’, in P. A. Hall and D. Soskice (eds.), Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 1–20. Link 1; Link 2
  D. Vogel, ‘Is there a market for virtue? The business case for corporate social responsibility’ (2005) 47(4) California Management Review 19–45. Link
22.3 D. Bohle and B. Greskovits, ‘Varieties of capitalism and capitalism “tout court”’ (2009) 50(3) European Journal of Sociology 355–86. Link 1; Link 2
  S. Brammer, G. Jackson and D. Matten, ‘Corporate social responsibility and institutional theory: new perspectives on private governance’ (2012) 10(1) Socio-Economic Review 3–28. Link 1; Link 2
  A. B. Caroll and K. M. Shabana, ‘The business case for corporate social responsibility: a review of concepts, research and practice’ (2010) 12(1) International Journal of Management Reviews 85–105. Link
  J.-P. Gond, N. Kang, and J. Moon, ‘The government of self-regulation: on the comparative dynamics of corporate social responsibility’ (2011) 40(4) Economy and Society 640–71. Link
  D. Kinderman, ‘Corporate social responsibility in the EU, 1993–2013: institutional ambiguity, economic crises, business legitimacy and bureaucratic politics’ (2013) 51(4) Journal of Common Market Studies 701–20. Link 1; Link 2
  A. Nölke, ’Economic causes of the Eurozone crisis: the analytical contribution of comparative capitalism’ (2016) 14(1) Socio-Economic Review 141–61. Link
23.2 R. Romano, ‘Law as a product: some pieces of the incorporation puzzle’ (1985) 1(2) Journal of Law, Economics, and Organizations 225–83 Link
  K. Zweigert and H. Kötz, An Introduction to Comparative Law, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998) Link
23.3 H. Eidenmüller, L. Enriques, G. Helleringer and K. van Zwieten, ‘Centros at 20: regulatory arbitrage and beyond – an introduction’ (2019) 20 European Business Organisation Law Review 399–405 Link 1; Link 2
  R. Michaels, ‘Make or buy: a public market for legal transplants?’, in H. Eidenmüller (ed.), Regulatory Competition in Contract Law and Dispute Resolution (Oxford: Hart, 2013), pp. 27–42 Link
  J. Stark, Law for Sale (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019) Link
24.2 E. J. Mestmäcker, ‘Auf dem Wege zu einer Ordnungspolitik für Europa’, in E. J. Mestmäcker, H. Möller and H. P. Schwartz (eds.), Eine Ordnungspolitik für Europa: Festschrift für Hans von der Groeben (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1987), pp.9–49. PDF
  R. M. Buxbaum and K. J. Hopt, Legal Harmonization and the Business Enterprise: Corporate and Capital Market Law Harmonization Policy in Europe and the USA, vol. 4 (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1988), chapter 1 ‘Introduction: models of inquiry’, pp. 1–23. Link
  C. Joerges, ‘What is left of the European Economic Constitution? A melancholic eulogy’ (2005) 30(4) European Law Review 461–89. Link


J. Hein and C. Joerges (eds.), Ordoliberalism, Law and the Rule of Economics (Oxford: Hart, 2017) Link
  P. Kjaer, G. Teubner and A. Ferrajo (eds.), The Financial Crisis in Constitutional Perspective: The Dark Side of Functional Differentiation (Oxford: Hart, 2011). Link
  S. Grundmann, ‘Regulatory competition in European company law: some different genius?’, in G. Ferrarini, K. J. Hopt and E.Wymmeersch (eds.), Capital Markets in the Age of the Euro: Cross-Border Transactions, Listed Companies and Regulation (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002), pp.561–95. Link
  C. Sabel and J. Zeitlin, ‘Learning from difference: the new architecture of experimentalist governance in the EU’ (2008) 14(3) European Law Journal 271–327. Link 1; Link 2
25.2 Philip C. Jessup, Transnational Law (New Haven / CT: Yale University Press, 1956), pp. 1–34 Link
  Gunther Teubner, ‘“Global Bukowina”: Legal Pluralism in the World Society’, in Gunther Teubner (ed.), Global Law without a State (Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1997), pp. 3–28 Link 1; Link 2; Link 3
25.3 Harold J. Berman, Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983) Link
  Gralf-Peter Calliess / Peer Zumbansen, Rough Consensus and Running Code: A Theory of Transnational Private Law (Oxford: Hart, 2012) Link
  Terence C. Halliday, / Gregory Shaffer, ‘Transnational Legal Orders’, in Terence C. Halliday / Gregory Shaffer (eds.), Transnational Legal Orders (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 3–72. Link
  Ralf Michaels, ‘The True Lex Mercatoria: Private Law Beyond the State’, 14 Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 447–68 (2007) Link 1; Link 2
  Christian Tietje / Alan Brouder / Karsten Nowrot, Philipp C. Jessup’s Transnational Law Revisited (Halle-Wittenberg: Institute for Economic Law, 2006) Link
  Peer Zumbansen, ‘Transnational Law’, in Jan Smits (ed.), Encyclopedia of Comparative Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2006), pp. 738–54 Link 1; Link 2
26.2 Lisa Bernstein, ‘Opting Out of the Legal System: Extralegal Contractual Relations in the Diamond Industry’, 21 Journal of Legal Studies 115–57 (1992). Link 1; Link 2
  Robert C. Ellickson, Order Without Law: How Neighbors Settle Disputes (Cambridge / MA: Harvard University Press, 1991), pp. 123–36. Link 1; Link 2
26.3 Gregor Bachmann, Private Ordnung: Grundlagen ziviler Regelsetzung (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006) PDF
  Brian Bix, ‘Private Ordering in Family Law’, in Elizabeth Brake et al. (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Family and Children (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018) Link 1; Link 2
  Thomas Dietz, Global Order Beyond Law (Oxford: Hart, 2014) Link
  Dan Wielsch, ‘Global Law’s Toolbox: Private Regulation by Standards’, 60 American Journal of Comparative Law 1075–104 (2012) Link
27.2 Jean Carbonnier, ‘L’hypothèse du non-droit’, in Flexible droit: Pour une sociologie du droit sans rigueur (10th ed., Paris : L.G.D.J., 2001, 1st ed. 1969), pp. 25–47 PDF
  Mark Granovetter, ‘Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness’, 91 American Journal of Sociology, 481–510 (1985) Link
  Robert Mnookin / Lewis Kornhauser, ‘Bargaining in the Shadow of Law: the Case of Divorce’, 88 The Yale Law Journal 950–97 (1979) Link 1; Link 2
27.3 George Akerlof / Rachel Kranton, ‘Economics and Identity’, 114 The Quarterly Journal of Economics 715–53 (2000) Link
  Omri Ben-Shahar / John Pottow, ‘On the Stickiness of Default Rules’, 33 Florida State University Law Review 651–82 (2006) Link 1; Link 2
  Robert Cooter / Stephen Marks / Robert Mnookin, ‘Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: A Testable Model of Strategic Behavior’, 11 Journal of Legal Studies 225–51 (1982) Link
  Marc Galanter, ‘Justice in Many Rooms: Courts, Private Ordering, and Indigenous Law’, 19 Journal of Legal Pluralism 1–47 (1981) Link
  Russel Korobkin, ‘The Status Quo Bias and Contract Default Rules’, 83 Cornell Law Review 608–87 (1998) Link
  Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of our Time (New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1944, reprint Boston: Beacon Press Books, 2001) Link